Story: Kāwanatanga – Māori engagement with the state

Te Tiriti o Waitangi, 1840

Te Tiriti o Waitangi, 1840

This is the original Māori translation of Te Tiriti o Waitangi, the Treaty of Waitangi, which was signed by more than 40 northern chiefs on 6 February 1840. (Other chiefs signed this copy of the treaty later.) The term 'kāwanatanga' appears twice in the preamble to the treaty, where it is the translation first for 'Sovereign authority', and then for 'Civil Government'. In the treaty's first article, kāwanatanga is the translation for 'all the rights and powers of Sovereignty'.

About this item

Archives New Zealand - Te Rua Mahara o te Kāwanatanga
Reference: IA 9/9

Permission of Archives New Zealand Te Rua Mahara o te Kāwanatanga must be obtained before any re-use of this material.

How to cite this page:

Paul Meredith and Rawinia Higgins, 'Kāwanatanga – Māori engagement with the state - Defining kāwanatanga', Te Ara - the Encyclopedia of New Zealand, http://www.TeAra.govt.nz/en/photograph/37433/te-tiriti-o-waitangi-1840 (accessed 8 December 2016)

Full story by Paul Meredith and Rawinia Higgins, published 20 Jun 2012, updated 22 Aug 2016