Story: Citrus, berries, exotic fruit and nuts
A wide range of fruit crops are grown in New Zealand. Subtropical plants such as citrus, avocados and persimmons grow in the warm north, while berries, olives and nuts are produced in more temperate regions.
Full story by Sandy Scarrow
Main image: Persimmon orchard
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A wide range of fruit crops are grown in New Zealand. They include oranges, lemons, avocados and persimmons, which grow in the warm north. Berries, olives and nuts grow in cooler areas.
Fruit is sold in New Zealand and to other countries – fresh, frozen, or made into juice or other products.
Citrus fruits have been grown in New Zealand since 1819, when the first orange trees were planted at Kerikeri. Other citrus fruits include:
- New Zealand grapefruit.
Avocados have been grown in frost-free areas since the 1970s. The fruit are exported, or made into oil for cooking and skin care.
Persimmons were first planted in New Zealand in 1873, and have recently become an export crop, mainly to Asia.
Tamarillos are a sharp-tasting red fruit. Previously called tree tomatoes, their name was changed to stop confusion with tomatoes.
Passionfruit vines are grown on a trellis, and have purple fruit with many seeds inside. Banana passionfruit have become a pest in forests, where they smother native plants.
Feijoas have perfumed oval green fruit. They were first grown in New Zealand as ornamental shrubs.
Blueberries were introduced from the US in the 1950s. They are New Zealand’s most valuable berry export crop.
Strawberries are mostly grown for sale to New Zealanders. They are usually planted in soil covered with black polythene, which stops weeds and helps warm the soil.
Blackcurrants are mainly exported and made into Ribena, a fruit drink. Outside of Europe, New Zealand is the world’s largest producer of blackcurrants.
Boysenberries have large, tasty fruit, which are frozen, canned or made into jams and ice cream.
Raspberries have been grown in New Zealand since Europeans first arrived. They are made into jam, or eaten fresh. Raspberries need a cold winter to fruit.
Nuts grown in New Zealand include:
Olives have been grown in New Zealand since the 1830s, but the olive industry started only in the 1990s. By 2006, 1 million olive trees had been planted, and oil was being made from the fruit.