A Christchurch United National Front Nazi Party skinhead and his girlfriend drink beer in 1990. White supremacists at the time wore high lace-up boots and shaved their heads, and were often referred to as 'boot boys' or 'skinheads'. Confusingly, not all skinheads were racists. In the early 1990s there were small skinhead groups in many New Zealand cities and provincial towns, but many were attracted to this scene by punk music, and a desire to be noticed, without having any affiliation with white supremacist organisations. White supremacists often use swastikas, as do many gangs no matter what their ethnicity – the symbol's prime value is to shock. White power gangs have never had a large membership in New Zealand.
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Photograph by Peter James Quinn
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