Story: Empire and Commonwealth

The British Empire

The changing shape of Britain’s empire can be seen in these three global snapshots, dated 1775, 1914 and 2011. The acquisition and loss of colonies was usually an outcome of war and commerce (often tightly bound together). In 2011 Britain still retained a scatter of small possessions, some of them strategically useful. It was also part of the network of Commonwealth nations.

1775:
United Kingdom
Gibraltar
Menorca
British North America
British West Indies
Gambia
St Helena
Bengal
Bombay
Madras

1914:
United Kingdom

Gibraltar
Malta
Cyprus
West Africa
Sudan (UK/Egypt)
Somaliland
Uganda
East Africa (Kenya)
Zanzibar
Nyasaland
Rhodesia
Union of South Africa
Ascension
St Helena
Tristan da Cunha
Mauritius
Seychelles
Aden
India
Ceylon
Straits Settlements
Malay states
Hong Kong
Weihaiwei
Papua
Solomon Islands
Gilbert and Ellice Islands
New Hebrides (UK/France)
Australia
New Zealand
Fiji
Tonga
Cook Islands
Canada
Newfoundland and Labrador
Bermuda
British West Indies
British Honduras
British Guiana
Falkland Islands

2011:
United Kingdom
Gibraltar
Bermuda
Turks and Caicos Islands
Cayman Islands
British Virgin Islands
Montserrat
Anguilla
St Helena, Ascension and Tristan Da Cunha
Falkland Islands
South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands
Pitcairn Island
British Indian Ocean Territory
Sovereign base areas (Cyprus)

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Te Ara - The Encyclopedia of New Zealand

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How to cite this page:

W. David McIntyre, 'Empire and Commonwealth - Expansion of the British Empire', Te Ara - the Encyclopedia of New Zealand, http://www.TeAra.govt.nz/en/interactive/33213/the-british-empire (accessed 29 May 2017)

Story by W. David McIntyre, published 20 Jun 2012